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Introduction to Telecommunications Networks

Today’s telecommunications networks are complex mixtures of legacy technologies, coupled with the latest generation of both fixed and mobile architectures. This course seeks to provide a grounding to those people who are new to the telecoms industry, providing them with a foundation of knowledge which will allow them to explore the telecommunications ecosystem in greater detail. As such, the course is all encompassing, providing technical detail on fundamental concepts, network architectures and finally, today’s services environment.
Throughout the course, NetX will be utilized to explore not only the components of a 21st century telecommunications network but also call flows and key network procedures.

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Section 1 - Telecommunications Ecosystem
Section 2 - Legacy TDM Networks
Section 3 - Today’s Packet Transport Networks
Section 4 - Securing Packet Transport Networks
Section 5 - Architecture of Fixed Line Networks
Section 6 - Architecture of the Internet
Section 7 - Architecture of Mobile Networks
Section 8 - Evolution of Voice Services
Section 9 - Connecting to Mobile Data Services
Section 10 - Mobility Concepts
Section 11 - Over the Top (OTT) Services

The first phase of the course will cover the fundamental concepts of telecommunications networks and will contain the first four sections. Section 1 topic areas covered include:

  • The Telecommunications Ecosystem:
    • Factors Affecting the Telecoms Landscape.
    • The Role of Standardization.
    • Components of a Telecommunication Infrastructure.
  • Transport and Transmission:
    • Traffic Types.
    • Physical Transmission.
    • Handling the Data.
  • Fixed Access Network Technologies:
    • Twisted Pair.
    • Optical Fibre.
    • Hybrid Fibre Coax.
  • Mobile Access Network Technologies:
    • Mobile Technology Roadmap.
  • Core Network Concepts.
  • Virtualization.
  • Services Environment:
    • IoT and Cellular IoT.
    • Converged Services (IMS).
    • OTT Service Providers.
  • Operational and Business Support Systems:
    • Operational Support Systems.
    • Business Support Systems.
    • Policy Control.

Topic areas covered include:

  • Principles and Origins of Circuit Switching.
  • TDM and Voice Digitization:
    • Pulse Code Modulation.
    • TDM and PDH.
    • Higher Order Multiplexing.
    • Problems with the PDH.
  • Optical Transmission Systems:
    • Optical Fibre.
    • Synchronous Digital Hierarchy.
    • Next Generation SDH.
  • Understanding SS7:
    • SS7 Architecture.
    • SS7 Terminology.
    • Signalling Point Codes.
    • Signalling Links.
    • Signalling Route.
    • SS7 Protocols.

Topic areas covered include:

  • Protocol Stacks.
  • Market Drivers for Packet Transport Networks:
    • Improving OPEX and CAPEX.
  • IP Addressing and Routing:
    • IPv4 and IPv6 Addressing.
    • Routing Basics.
    • Routing Tables and Protocols.
  • Advancing IP Networks:
    • Multi Protocol Label Switching.
    • Carrier Ethernet.
  • Complimentary Protocols to Packet Transport:
    • Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol.
    • Domain Name System.
    • Network Address Translation.

Topic areas covered include:

  • The Threat Climate:
    • Protecting the Network.
    • Data Protection.
  • Exploring the Threats to Security:
    • The Global Cybercrime Industry.
    • Malicious Software.
    • Botnets.
    • Denial of Service.
    • Physical Insecurity.
  • Protecting Data:
    • IPSec Fundamentals.
    • IPSec Basic Operation.
    • Public Key Infrastructure (X.509 Certificates).

The second phase of the course will cover the end to end architecture of mobile and fixed telecommunications networks and will contain the following three sections. Section 5 topic areas covered include:

  • Fixed Network Architecture – Voice Services:
    • PSTN Switches.
    • Evolution of the PSTN Switch.
    • Positioning Soft Switches.
  • Fixed Network Architecture - DSL Services:
    • DSL Basics.
    • DSL Network Elements.
    • Fixed Line Billing.
  • Consolidating Fixed Access Networks:
  • Optical Fibre and FTTX:
    • FTTX.
    • Passive Optical Networks.
  • Hybrid Fibre-Coaxial Networks.
  • 5G Fixed Wireless Access.

Topic areas covered include:

  • Internet Architecture:
    • Keeping the Internet Updated.
    • Peering and Internet Exchange Points.
    • Internet Standardization and Regulation.
  • IP Addressing on the Internet:
    • IP Address Management.
    • Classless Interdomain Routing.
    • IPv6 Addressing.
    • 1.2.4 Port Allocations.
  • The World Wide Web:
    • HTTP.
    • The Dark Web.
    • Tor Operation.

Topic areas covered include:

  • High Level Architecture.
  • Mobile Radio Access Networks:
    • Mobile Devices.
    • SIMs, USIMs and eSIMs.
    • Sharing Radio Resources.
    • RAN Composition.
    • Dual Connectivity.
    • Virtualization in the RAN.
  • Mobile Core Networks:
    • Mobility Management.
    • Session Management.
    • Subscriber Management.
  • Network Connectivity:
    • 2G and 3G CS Architecture.
    • 2G and 3G PS Architecture.
    • 4G Architecture.
    • 5G Architecture.
    • Interworking.
  • Complimentary Technologies:
    • IP Multimedia Subsystem.
    • Cellular IoT.
    • Wi-Fi Integration.

The third and final phase of the course will cover services deployed across telecommunications networks and will contain the following four sections. Section 8 topic areas covered include:

  • Fixed Line Call Establishment:
    • Fixed Line (TDM) High Level Call Establishment.
    • Fixed Line (Packet) High Level Call Establishment.
  • 2G/3G CS Mobile Call Establishment:
    • Initial Procedures.
    • 2G/3G CS Mobile Originated Call.
    • 2G/3G CS Terminated Call.
    • SMS Transfer.
    • 2G/3G Roaming Considerations (CS Services).
  • 4G and 5G Voice Services:
    • Architectural Requirements.
    • VoLTE Initial Procedures.
    • IMS Registration.
    • 4G/5G Call Procedures.
    • SIP Signalling Exchange.
    • Tearing Down the Call.
  • Interworking:
    • Interworking with Legacy Voice Networks.
    • Handing Over from 4G to 2G/3G (SR-VCC).
    • EPS Fallback.
    • Wi-Fi Calling (VoWi-Fi).

Topic areas covered include:

  • GPRS Based Data Services (2G and 3G):
    • The PDP Context.
  • LTE Based Data Services:
    • PDN Connections and EPS Bearers.
  • 5G Based Data Services:
    • PDU Sessions and QoS Flows.
  • Mobility Concepts:
    • Location Areas, Routing Areas and Tracking Areas.
    • Handovers.
    • Roaming.

Topic areas covered include:

  • Tracking a Subscriber’s Location.
  • 2G/3G Mobility Considerations:
    • 2G/3G CS and PS Cell Re-selection.
    • 2G/3G CS Handovers.
    • 3G Handover Types.
  • 4G Mobility Considerations:
    • Tracking Area Updates.
    • 4G Handovers.
  • 5G Mobility Considerations.

Topic areas covered include:

  • Over the Top Services.
  • Internet (OTT) Based Voice:
    • Skype.
    • Viber.
    • WebRTC.
  • IPTV:
    • Service Provider TV Content Delivery.
    • OTT Content Delivery.
    • Netflix Case Study.
    • Video Streaming Techniques.

The Institute of Telecommunications Professionals (ITP)

The ITP is the UK’s leading independent institution for people who work in telecommunications. It is dedicated to promoting the professional development of members through Professional Registration, training, mentoring and qualifications. The ITP collaborates with regulators, government associations and other leading bodies on projects that are important to the future of the industry. It has worked with businesses including; BT, Cable & Wireless Worldwide, Alcatel-Lucent, Huawei and Vodafone. Find out more about The ITP and how you can become a member.

The Continuing Professional Development Standards Office (CPD)

By providing independent accreditation, the CPD improve the quality of continuing professional development. Their marks of excellence for training providers demonstrate to individual professionals that the learning activity conforms to best practice and is appropriate for inclusion in a formal record.
Find out more about The CPD.